The temperature is getting higher and the days are getting longer. It′s summer time! Summers not only brings mangoes and icy stuff with it but also many diseases that affect your health. This summer, we wish you health!
There are many diseases that are specific to the summers. Some of them are not harmful and can be treated easily, but some are a cause of concern and needs your attention. As it is said that prevention is better than cure, so it is better to prevent these diseases.
Take precautions whether you are affected or not! Some diseases are around the air only during summer days and if you are affected by it, there is no soon remedy to this. Due to very high temperature around, our bodies tend to behave differently and hence there are chances of getting affected with numerous diseases. To prevent yourself from these diseases take necessary precautions, go for regular health checkups, have a health insurance plan for yourself and all your family members.
Mosquito borne diseases are thriving day by day. Mosquitoes are more active during summers. Most of northern India lies within the subtropical range and we have a humid climate. Such a climate is ideal for mosquitoes to thrive. That’s the reason why mosquito-borne diseases like Malaria and Dengue are endemic in India. According to the reports, in 1953, malaria killed around 8 lakh people. And even today it is a serious threat to our health. The government is doing its best to eliminate malaria and dengue. But we also need to fight it individually.
This Summer Say NO to Diseases
In general, insects and contaminated water spread summer sickness. With that in mind, you can take necessary precautions to prevent summer illness with some knowledge. Here are 10 common summer illnesses you need to know about to stay healthy this summer!
Typhoid is one of the most popular diseases that people suffer from during summers. It is caused due to bacterium, Salmonella typhi. It is a water-borne disease that spreads through contaminated food and water. High fever, weakness, abdominal pain, constipation and headache are the initial symptoms of the disease. The disease is cured usually within three weeks. So if you see any of these symptoms contact your doctor immediately for a treatment plan.
Mumps is one of the most threatening viral diseases which occur in summers. It is highly contagious and generally affects children. This virus is transmitted from unhealthy to healthy persons so avoid direct contact with the patients. It is transmitted through sneezing and coughing also. Initial symptoms are fever, muscle pain, headache and dizziness, followed by painful swelling of the salivary glands. It takes 7-10 days to be cured. Get proper vaccination.
Jaundice is also known as Hepatitis A. It is a water-borne disease that affects many people during summer days. Yellow eyes, discoloration of skin, dark coloured urine, light coloured stool and itching of the skin includes are initial symptoms. Intake of unhygienic water and food items causes Jaundice. So stay away from street food. Drink boiled water and eat lighter foods. It takes minimum 12-15 days to recover from a normal jaundice.
Measles are popularly known as rubeola or morbilli and spreads mostly in the months of summer. It is an air-borne disease. Mostly children are affected it. It is highly contagious and infects the throat. Runny nose, high fever, red eyes and sore throat are its initial symptoms. It takes around 7 to 10 days to recover. The only way to prevent it is vaccination.
Malaria is a life-threatening disease. It is transmitted through the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. Infected mosquitoes carry the Plasmodium parasite. When this mosquito bites you, the parasite is released into your bloodstream. Within 10 to12 days after the mosquito bite, the parasite gets into your liver and starts reproducing. Severe fever, fatigue, vomiting and headache are the common symptoms of malaria. Your doctor only can diagnose malaria. So if you witness any of these symptoms, visit your doctor.
An endemic in more than 110 countries, this is a lethal disease caused by the dengue virus. It is a mosquito-borne disease. Dengue is caused by a virus while malaria is caused by a parasite. The symptoms of dengue differ from person to person, but some of the most common symptoms are skin rashes, high fever, pain in muscles, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Dengue decreases the blood platelets. It is very crucial to seek medical help if you see any of these symptoms.
7. Skin rashes
Skin rashes are a very common problem in children during summer. The hot and humid weather, excessive sweating, ill-ventilated clothes cause itchiness, dryness and redness of the skin.
Chicken pox develops in the human beings due to a special type of virus, Varicella zoster. This virus grows in wet areas so during summers you need to make sure that the water tanks and other gardens are sprayed properly to protect from such life-killing viruses. Initial symptoms are small, itchy blisters, fever, feeling tired, and headache. It takes around 10 days to recover after the symptoms first appear.
How to prevent diseases during summer?
Some simple actions can save you from many diseases:
- Eat only freshly prepared food
- Drink mineral water
- Avoid eating street food
- Avoid stepping out in sun between 11 am to 4 pm
- Get a health insurance plan for you and your family to save yourself from financial problems.
This summer, we wish you health!